Topographical Map Project!

Here is a topographical map (map that shows mountains and valleys)  of the Fertile Crescent and Mesopotamia:

Papier Mache Recipe:

Pour Water Into Flour For Paper Mache RecipePouring Water Into Flour For Paper Mache Recipe

Flour Paste Recipe

1 cup Flour (2 parts) 1 1/2 cups Water (3 parts) 1/2 TBS salt (optional) 1/4 cup white glue (optional)


  • Mix the flour and water together with a wire whisk or fork until it is smooth and you have the consistency you want. If you want to thicken the paste, add flour. If you want to thin it, add a bit of water.
  • Mix in the salt (optional).
  • Mix in the glue (if adding).
  • The salt will help preserve the paste and prevent it from mold while the glue will help strengthen the paste.


  • You can make as much (or as little) paper mache paste you need by using the basic ratio of 2 parts flour to 3 parts water.
  • If you’re working on a large project or need to take a break, cover the paste well with plastic wrap or seal with a lid and store in the refrigerator, should keep for a couple days. Let the paste come to room temperature before using again, stir well before using.

Glue Paste Recipe

White glue (2 parts) Water (1 part)


  • Mix the glue and water together until thoroughly mixed. Use popsicle sticks or wooden chopsticks to stir the recipe, they can be thrown out when done.


  • Watch the paste while building your project, the glue and water can separate during the process and may need to be stirred again.
  • Mix the paste in old plastic containers with lids, you can pop the lid on and the glue will keep for a few days.

Paper You Can Use

  • Newspaper (most common)
  • Tissue paper
  • Paper towels
  • Printer paper (or any sheets of regular paper)
  • Magazine & catalogue pages (the glossy paper can be more tricky to work with)

Tip: Tear the paper into strips of all shapes and sizes, they don’t need to be uniform in size.

Base Material Ideas

Before you can begin applying your strips of paper with paste, you need a basic form or base to build on. Here are some materials that work well:

  • Balloons (can attach balloons together with masking tape to get the basic form you want)
  • Aluminum Foil (crumple and shape as needed)
  • Chicken Wire (shape as needed, mostly used for large projects like school volcanoes)
  • Crumpled Newspaper (basic shape secured with masking tape)
  • Small cardboard boxes (for square or rectangular projects)

3-D Map Project in Cork, Ireland!


Class Project in Onekama, Michigan


The Neolithic Revolution!

The Neolithic Revolution, or the Agricultural Revolution (9-7 thousand years ago!), marked the transition of many human societies from a lifestyle of hunter and gathering  to one of agriculture and settlement.

Can you name three things that changed in human culture during the Neolithic Era?

Leave a comment below!

Neolithic community in the Fertile Crescent

This site has lots of information and pictures, and links to videos:

Another “Horrible Histories” video!

Bob! says!

Bob! says:  “Don’t forget the Early Man Unit Test on Friday!

Here are some of the vocabulary terms you need to review:

Paleolithic                                                           flaking

Neolithic                                                              standard of living

opposable thumbs                                             agriculture

cranial cavity                                                      Hunter/Gatherer

Homo Sapiens                                                    benefits of fire