Paleolithic vs. Neolithic

Category: Social

Paleolithic Era:

1. lived in small nomadic groups (30-50 people)  2. hunter gatherer  3. constantly moving

A Hunter Gatherer Camp

Neolithic Era:  

1. social structure  2. new agriculture  3. domesticated animals  4. food surplus   5. settled farming   6. growing population

Food Surplus

Category: Government

Paleolithic Era :

1. elders controlled the clan   2. power organized based on age

Neolithic Era:

1. hierarchy (persons or things arranged in ranks or classes)     2. military and religious leaders had authority

Category: Economy

Paleolithic Era:

1. everyone shared property   2. people were all equal

Neolithic Era:

1. Valued tools, food, clothes, and pottery   2. private property    3. private wealth

Neolithic pottery

Category: Health

Paleolithic Era :

1. if group suffered from a virus, the whole clan would become extinct

Neolithic Era:

1. cavities, malaria, tuberculosis, and typhoid fever were common

Category: Roles of Men

Paleolithic Era:

1. men were the rulers    2. elders controlled power    3. they were hunters

The hunter gatherers

Neolithic Era:

1. warriors and religious men were in power   2. plowed fields

Category: Roles of Women

Paleolithic Era:

1. gathered nuts, twigs, and roots    2. didn’t have many children

Neolithic Era:

1. had more children because of new farming    2. stayed home with children


Take the Poll!

Neolithic Farmers

neolithic farming


paleolithic hunter gatherers


Leave a comment and tell us why!

Some Fun Facts About Neolithic Culture


Most clothing appears to have been made of animal skins, as indicated by finds of large numbers of bone and antler pins which are ideal for fastening leather, but not cloth. However, woolcloth and linen might have become available during the British Neolithic, as suggested by finds of perforated stones which (depending on size) may have served as loom weights. The clothing worn in the Neolithic Age might be similar to that worn by Otzi the Iceman, although he was not British and not Neolithic (since he belonged to the later Copper Age).


In the Neolithic Age, people began to make permanent homes when they discovered agriculture. This meant that people did not  have to go out and get their food themselves-they could go out in their garden and get the food they planted. Then, people began to make make more and more permanent houses near each other and thus, villages were made.

Artist’s Depiction of Neolithic Town


Living in a community allowed Neolithic people to develope specified tools for farming, building and hunting.

Here is a video about a technique for making arrow points, knives, and scrapers, called flint knapping (flaking):

Homework Project: Early Man!

paleolithic man in skins

Project Checklist:


1.  3-D sculpture of Paleolithic Man or Woman with spear prominent

2.  Materials:  You can recycle things you find around your house, like cardboard or plastic.  Don’t spend money!

3.  Due  September 5th

4. Family Project!

5.  No more than 12″ tall



6.  Big head=Big Brain

7.  Walk upright= use of arms and hands

8.  Opposable thumbs= able to use tools


9.  Animal Skin clothes

10.  Extra Credit:  Your Choice!




Mr. Meiners’ Example:


paleolithic man project (2)


Mr. Meiners’ Sixth Grade Social Studies Prezi!

The Paleolithic Era!

Paleolithic Man:  The Hunter/Gatherers

 paleolithic man

From  Paleolithic is the period that makes most

of our history. It started with the oldest known stone tools, 2.6 Ma ago and lasted until 10,000 years ago. It emerged with

Homo habilis and reached its peak with our species, Homo sapiens, which appeared about 200,000 years ago.  It is the period

when humans were just hunters-gatherers. Even if the name of the period referred to the stone tools, first people most likely

made also tools from bones.

Stories from the Stone Age Video:

More Information about Paleolithic Man (Hunter/Gatherers):

The Very First Artists:

paleolithic art     Horse (c. 15,000-10,000 BC), Lascaux, France

The Lascaux caves are located in France, near the village of Montignac in the Vezere Valley. They became famous when numerous Paleolithic cave paintings were discovered adorning their walls. These works of art, realistic portrayals of a variety of large animals, are estimated to be as much as 20,000 years old. The site, together with a

Virtual tour of the Lascaux caves:

paleolithic hunter gatherers

The World in Spatial Terms – Compass Rose

Compass Rose

A compass rose is a design on a map that shows directions. It shows north, south, east,

west, northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest.

The World in Spatial Terms – Maps

A map is a visual representation of an area. (continent, country, state, city, house.)

The World in Spatial Terms – Longitude and Latitude

Longitude and Latitude



Longitude and Latitude Games:

Longitude and Latitude Song!

Longitude and Latitude Definitions:

Latitude:  Imaginary lines running horizontally around the globe.  Also called  parallels, latitude lines are equidistant from each other. Each degree of  latitude is about 69 miles (110 km) apart. Zero degrees  (0°) latitude is the  equator, the widest circumference of the globe.  Latitude is measured from 0° to  90° north and 0° to 90° south—90° north is the North Pole and 90° south is the  South Pole.longitude linesRead more: World Geography Glossary —

Longitude:  Imaginary lines, also called meridians, running vertically around the globe.  Unlike latitude lines, longitude lines are not parallel.  Meridians meet at the  poles and are widest apart at the equator.  Zero degrees longitude (0°) is  called the prime meridian.  The degrees of longitude run 180° east and 180° west  from the prime meridian.

Read more: World Geography Glossary —


The World in Spatial Terms – Globes


A globe is a body with the shape of a sphere, especially a

representation of the earth in the form of a hollow ball.